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10 Golden Principles for Your CFD Trading Strategy

Jimmy Khan

Jun 14, 2022 16:13


We've produced a list of 10 CFD trading golden principles to assist you in better grasping the product.

A contract for difference (CFD) is a contract between a buyer and a seller in which the buyer promises to pay the seller the difference between the asset's current value and its value at the time the contract is signed. CFDs enable traders and investors to benefit from price movements without owning the underlying assets. An asset's underlying value is ignored when calculating the value of a CFD contract; only the price difference between trade entry and exit is considered.

This is done via a contract between the customer and the broker, and no stock, FX, commodity, or futures exchange is used. Trading CFDs has several significant benefits that have contributed to the instrument's growing popularity over the last decade.

CFDs and How They Work

A contract for differences (CFD) is a contract in which an investor and a CFD broker agree to trade the difference in the value of a financial asset (stocks or derivatives) between the contract's opening and closing dates.


It is a sophisticated trading method that experienced traders should only use. CFDs do not need the delivery of tangible items or securities. The underlying asset is never truly owned by a CFD investor; instead, the investor earns money depending on the asset's price movement. A trader may, for example, bet on whether the price of gold will rise or fall rather than purchasing or selling real gold.


CFDs, in effect, enable investors to bet on whether the price of an underlying asset or security will rise or fall. Traders might choose to gamble on an upward or negative trend. If a trader who has purchased a CFD discovers that the price of the asset has risen, they will sell their position. The difference between the buy and selling prices is added together to obtain the net difference. The investor's brokerage account settles the net difference, representing the transactions' profit.


On the other side, if the trader feels the asset's value will fall, he or she might establish a sell position. The trader must acquire an offsetting transaction to close the position. The loss's net difference is then paid in cash via their account.


Countries in Which CFDs Can Be Traded

In the United States, CFD contracts are not permitted. Many major trading nations, including the United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Singapore, Spain, France, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Thailand, Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands, accept them in listed, over-the-counter (OTC) markets.


The Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) has announced several adjustments to the issuing and distributing of CFDs to retail customers in Australia, where CFD contracts are presently permitted. ASIC's objective is to improve consumer safeguards by limiting retail customers' access to CFD leverage and focusing on CFD product characteristics and sales practices that magnify retail clients' CFD losses. The product intervention order issued by ASIC becomes effective on March 29, 2021.


CFD trading is regulated in the United States by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), although non-residents may trade them.


Ten Tactics for Trading CFDs

Below, we'll look at four distinct CFD trading tactics to assist you in better comprehending the financial markets, as well as the advantages and hazards of contracts for difference. All of the techniques below involve leverage on our platform, which means you only need to deposit a portion of your total transaction value to receive market exposure. This comes with a significant amount of danger, which we'll go into in more detail later.

Stop-loss Orders Should be Used

The first rule is to employ stop-loss orders. Rule number two is to employ stop-loss orders. Use stop-loss orders per rule #3. If you want to hear our one most valuable CFD trading advice, it's this: utilize stop-loss orders or even guaranteed stop-loss options to limit your downside. Do you have any idea what a stop-loss order is? Stop-loss and other common order types may be found here.

First, Try out a Demo Account

We recommend that you start your CFD trading career with a demo account, which is available from many online brokers. A demo account is an excellent place to start if you want to try our CFD trading ideas for free before risking real money. It's a good idea to try a trial account with an amount that you'd be willing to trade with in real life, and you'll see more realistic returns and performance this way. Do you have $1,000 put up for CFD trading, for example? Enter this as a simulated amount in your sample account, then begin "trading" to see whether you like the results.

Complete Your Assignment 

Make sure you know what you're doing in terms of CFD trading fundamentals and your unique trading portfolio. So don't start trading until you understand what a limit or market order is; again, further information on these order types can be found in this post. Do not attempt to trade forex CFDs unless you have a firm grasp of the differences between a USD/GBP and a GBP/USD quotation. Also, don't expect to become an expert in every asset class or market. It's preferable to focus on one (or two) niches and stick to them.


Leverage Should be Limited

You may utilize leverage, but keep in mind that in most circumstances, expecting the price to move in the right direction immediately after you begin a trade is impractical. If your leverage is excessive, a minor move in the incorrect direction (say 0.1 percent) may cause you to close the trade, and you won't be able to benefit if the price rebounds back and moves in the "right" direction. Leverage ratios of up to 400:1 are relatively uncommon; however, authorities in the EU have set a maximum leverage ratio of 30:1 for key currency pairings. This leads us to the next point.

Use the Best Trading Position Possible

Some brokers do not enable you to manually reduce the leverage, and you may want to consider decreasing your trading position in these situations. In any event, make sure you're constantly aware of your outstanding risk exposure.

Do Your Assignment Independently

Wilma, your next-door neighbor, is boasting about how much money she gained from Bitcoin trading. That doesn't mean she'll be able to repeat her feat, and it certainly doesn't mean you should rush in and begin trading Bitcoins as if your life depended on it. First and foremost, study research papers, check for publications on the subject and do your own basic, technical, or both analyses.

Day trading CFDs

Intraday trading is a common short-term approach that entails entering and leaving trades throughout the day to close the position by the end of the day. This is done to benefit from modest but frequent price fluctuations. Day traders frequently concentrate on price movement and technical analysis rather than fundamental issues affecting a financial instrument since they are needed to watch price charts diligently for this technique.


Assume a trader wishes to speculate on a prominent currency pair like EUR/USD, which is recognized for having strong liquidity and a tight spread, both of which are desirable characteristics for short-term traders.


A day trader may examine the previous trading day's support and resistance levels to predict how the price will respond when it reaches those specified levels. They then create a CFD position at the market open at the purchase price of 1.1710. A skilled day trader would open and close numerous comparable positions like this one throughout the day, and if the price rose marginally to 1.1750, he could cancel all positions before the market closed. As a consequence, each investment would provide several gains.


If, for example, the price continues to fall below 1.1700 and does not rise beyond the original purchase price, the day trader may opt to terminate the position for a modest but acceptable loss. This is an example of a CFD transaction that did not work out.

News CFD trading

Another short-term method is news trading, which entails remaining current with economic releases and market predictions for the near future. News traders must have good decision-making abilities and make rapid decisions on prospective trading opportunities. This is a very effective technique for turbulent markets that respond swiftly to exogenous variables like oil, indices, specific companies, and currencies.


Consider the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union (Brexit).


Given the contentious nature of the referendum, a trader may seek to profit from fluctuations in GBP values. Our CMC GBP Index is trading at a buy/sell price of 1,007/1,006. This is before the first exit poll is announced. When the exit poll results suggest that more people want to leave, the trader assumes that the pound sterling will decrease rather than gain in value.


The trader chooses to open a short CFD position and sell the asset at 1,006. His prognosis is true, and the pound value falls sharply against other currencies due to the shock of the unexpected news. The more points the instrument drops, the more money he makes on the short side.


However, keep in mind that prices don't necessarily follow the same direction they did before following a news release. The pound sterling, for example, fell in value after the Brexit vote but recovered a few months later, demonstrating that market sentiments may change and go in a completely another way. As a result, a news trading technique is often used primarily in the short term.

Hedging using CFDs

Financial hedging is a risk-adjustment approach trader use to reduce risk in their trading portfolio. Pairs trading and using derivatives, such as forward contracts, are two examples of successful hedging methods. Safe-haven assets, such as gold, certain currencies, government bonds, and defensive equities may also be used as a hedge since these financial instruments are less susceptible to negative market shocks than others.


Let's look at a pair trade utilizing CFDs as an example.


Assume an investor holds 1,000 Tesla shares in a separate stockbroking account and is afraid that the company's stock price will fall after a recent unsatisfactory earnings report. He chose to use a CFD trading account to short sell 1,000 Tesla shares in the hopes that a successful short sale would compensate for any losses on the ownership position.


Assume that Tesla's stock price drops by 10%. Even though the trader's shareholding account is now worth less, the trader has earned a 10% profit on his CFD transaction and may purchase the shares again at a lower price if he so desires. This is an example of a well-executed hedging plan.


Position trading using CFDs

A buy-and-hold strategy to position trading is comparable to a buy-and-hold approach to investment. Position traders might hold bets for months or even years, concentrating on long-term patterns and overall movement rather than tiny price action. Fundamental analysis indicators, including macroeconomic trends and historical price patterns, are often used by these traders.


Let's imagine a trader wants to keep PayPal stock for a long time because he recognizes the value in this blue-chip company and believes it will slowly improve over time.


For $275, he purchases several CFD units for PayPal. Position traders do not need to do technical analysis or check price charts regularly; instead, they may undertake business research on an as-needed basis to ensure that the stock continues to rise. He may do so by looking at the company's financial records and calculating P/E ratios, projected earnings, and dividends. After nine months, PayPal is currently trading at $330 per share. If the trader is satisfied with this result, he may now terminate his position for a profit of $55.


Remember that you will pay holding charges if you carry CFD contracts overnight, as position traders do. If you keep shares for a long time, you will be liable for commission costs. We go through them in further detail later in the text.

CFDs Provide Several Advantages


CFDs provide a greater degree of leverage than conventional trading. The use of standard leverage in the CFD market is regulated. It used to be as low as a 2% maintenance margin (50:1), but now it's restricted to a range of 3 percent (30:1 leverage) and might reach up to 50%. (2:1 leverage). Lower margin requirements indicate less capital expenditure and higher potential rewards for the trader. On the other hand, increased leverage might amplify a trader's losses.

All of the world's markets are accessible via a single platform.

Many CFD brokers provide goods in the world's main markets, enabling traders to trade at any time of day or night. CFDs may be traded on a variety of global marketplaces by investors.

There are no rules for shorting or borrowing stock.

Shorting is prohibited in certain markets, and traders must borrow the instrument before selling short. Other markets have varied margin requirements for short and long positions. Because the trader does not own the underlying asset, CFD instruments may be shorted at any moment without incurring borrowing charges.

No Fees for Professional Execution

Many of the same order types as conventional brokers are available with CFD brokers, including stops, limits, and dependent orders like "one cancels the other" and "if done." Some brokers that provide guaranteed stops may charge a fee or recover expenses in some other manner.


When a trader pays the spread, the broker makes money. They may collect commissions or fees on occasion. A trader must pay the asking price to purchase and the bid price to sell or short. Depending on the underlying asset's volatility, this spread might be modest or substantial; fixed spreads are often provided.

There are no day-trading requirements.

Certain marketplaces impose minimum capital requirements or restrict the number of daily transactions that may be executed within a given account. These limits do not apply to the CFD market, and all account holders may day trade if they desire. Accounts may easily be created for as low as $1,000, while minimum deposit requirements of $2,000 and $5,000 are usual.

Various Trading Possibilities

Stock, index, treasury, currency, sector, and commodity CFDs are now available from brokers. Speculators interested in various financial instruments may now trade CFDs instead of using exchanges.

CFDs have several drawbacks

Traders are responsible for the spread

While CFDs are an appealing alternative to conventional markets, they are not without risk. For starters, paying the spread on entry and exits limits the possibility of profiting from modest changes. Compared to the underlying asset, the spread reduces winning trades by a tiny amount while increasing losses by a small amount. Consequently, whereas conventional markets expose traders to fees, restrictions, commissions, and greater capital requirements, CFDs reduce earnings by reducing spread costs.

Industry Regulation Is Inadequate

The CFD market isn't overly regulated. The legitimacy of a CFD broker is determined by its reputation, longevity, and financial condition rather than its government status or liquidity. There are several outstanding CFD brokers, but it's critical to research a broker's past before creating an account.


CFD trading is a fast-paced market that demands constant attention. Consequently, while trading CFDs, traders should be aware of the major dangers involved. You must maintain liquidity risks and margins; if you cannot cover value declines, your provider may liquidate your position, and you will be responsible for the loss regardless of what happens to the underlying asset.


Leverage risks increase your potential gains while also increasing your possible losses. Many CFD providers provide stop-loss restrictions, but they can't ensure you won't lose money, particularly if there's a market shutdown or a sudden price change. Execution risks might also arise as a result of transaction delays.

Final Thoughts

Lower margin requirements, easier access to worldwide markets, no shorting or day trading regulations, and little or no costs are all advantages of CFD trading. When huge price moves do not occur, excessive leverage multiplies losses and having to pay a spread to join and exit positions may be expensive. CFDs have been restricted by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) to safeguard regular investors.